The one-child policy was adopted in 1979 to control the population in China. It is estimated that the policy eliminated 400,000,000 births by 2011. There were many claims of human rights violations due to the forced abortions and unsafe IUD implants.
The policies restrictions have been relaxed over the years allowing members of certain ethnic groups to have two children. In 2013 China relaxed the policy further to allow only-child adults to have two children.
At times, couples that had a daughter failed to report the birth or offered the girl up for adoption. A son was valued over a daughter because a son is obligated to take care of his parents in old age and carry on the family name. This caused a large number of females to be left in orphanages, many experiencing poor care.
The most shocking result of the one-child policy is the thousands of forced abortions in later months and even infanticide at birth. The reports of the 100 million missing girls suggests a high rate of infanticide.
Experts say that the one-child policy has created problems for China. Now, there is a reduced work force that struggles to power the economy. With the shrinking work force China will have a hard time paying pensions to the growing aging population.
China’s work force has declined steadily to 916 million workers, and this decline is expected to continue, while the number of those aged 60 and over is projected to reach 400 million or one-quarter of the population in the next 20 years.
It will be interesting to see how China deals with these issues. Perhaps outsourcing to Bangladesh?
One of the characters in my book was a victim of the one-child policy. Jazz must devise a daring plan to help this woman return to the family that was forced to place her in hiding when she was a baby.